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"Noninvasive diagnosis, minimally invasive therapy"

Peripheral Artery Disease

Peripheral Artery Disease (PAD) also known as Peripheral Vascular Disease (PVD) is a disease of the arteries or blood vessels that carry blood through the body. Similar to heart disease or Coronary Artery Disease (CAD), PAD is caused by high blood pressure, high cholesterol, diabetes, obesity, and a sedentary lifestyle. Like CAD, PAD can be hereditary.

Most commonly, PAD effects the arteries in the legs and results in pain and weakness in the legs with activity such as walking. The pain often improves with rest. This is known as claudication. Symptoms can be so severe that patients sometimes have pain at rest. Small wounds or ulcers can develop on the legs or feet in advanced cases which may even become limb threatening requiring amputation.

Treatment of PAD is predominately on the basis of risk reduction with treatment of high blood pressure and diabetes and cholesterol management. A rigorous exercise program is paramount in treatment, and studies have shown that patients symptoms often improve with a routine exercise program. However, many patients will continue to have symptoms despite optimal medical management.

Interventional Radiology Specialists, Inc. offers minimally invasive treatment for PAD. Blockages in the arteries known as stenoses or occlusions can be treated with a small needle stick into the blood vessels. Small tubes known as catheters are navigated trough the blood vessels and balloons or stents are used to open blockages, similar to cardiac catheterizations performed for CAD. Most patients are treated on an out patient basis and are discharged home the same day as the procedure.

Not all patients are candidates for these minimally invasive procedure and some require open bypass surgery to treat their PAD. You and your doctor will determine the best treatment plan.

If you have any questions or would like to make an appointment to schedule a consultation with one of our doctors, please contact us.